SCIENTOMETRICS OF GLOBAL SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ABOUT ETHNOMYCOLOGY
Ethnomycology is a branch of ethnoknowledge that describes the interaction between fungi and traditional communities over time. This study presents a scientometric analysis of global scientific production about Ethnomycology, based on a survey of articles indexed in Web of Science and Google Scholar databases, between 1991 and 2017. The temporal distribution of the 137 articles obtained (since the first (in 1994), showed a significant increase in over the years, indicating a growing interest in Ethnomycology by the scientific community. The most frequent journals were Economic Botany (27%) and the Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine (23%), and the principal authors were Garibay-Orijel, R (3% of the articles), Luczaj, L (2%) and Estrada-Torres, A (2%). The most studied locations involves indigenous communities and are in Mexico (31%), followed by China (10%), and over half of the institutions (64%) where the research was conducted are also Mexican. The primary focus of the studies is the purpose of fungal use (42%), the most frequently reported being as food (54%) and medicine (31%). Of the 730 species mentioned, the most prominent are Cantharellus cibarius Fr., Boletus edulis Bull. (each with 4% of the citations) and Agaricus campestris (3%), all edible. The data show that the ethnomycological knowledge available is strongly concentrated in Mexico, and the primary focus of use of fungi is as food.The main trends point to Ethnomycology as a young Science, but of growing interest, whose ethnomycological knowledge is concentrated in Mexico and in indigenous communities, with focus in use of fungi as food. However, the major gaps demonstrate the need for further ethnomycological studies involving other traditional communities, which not only indigenous, and other regions around the world, which could reveal new relationships between humans and fungi, thereby contributing to the conservation of global mycodiversity.